I. – Name and Purpose
1. The name of the organization shall be known as the Red Party or its foreign language equivalents.
2. The purpose of the Red Party is to organize communists in the United States and its colonial possessions to work for the establishment of a united communist party.
Article II – Membership
1. A member of the Party is one who accepts the Party’s program, abides by this Constitution, and participates in the Party’s work through the appropriate Party unit(s.)
2. Applications for membership may be received by any member, who will promptly refer it to his or her unit, the closest available unit, or the Central Committee for consideration.
3. Applicants shall not be denied membership solely on the basis of existing membership in another socialist organization.
4. Members make a self-determined monthly dues payment to the Party in consultation with the branch or national treasurer. Arrangements to pay dues ‘in kind’ may be made with the relevant treasurer. Members at-large will remit their dues to the Central Committee. Members organized in a branch or district will remit their dues to that body, which will send a portion determined by standing policy to the Central Committee.
5. Members who are six months in arrears of dues are subject to disciplinary measures, up to and including suspension. Members who are unable to make contributions because of a strike or personal financial hardship may have their dues lowered, switched to in-kind, or waived by the relevant treasurer.
6. A supporter of the Party is one who generally agrees and sympathizes with the politics and practice of the Party but is unable to join for one reason or another. Supporters are permitted a voice but not a vote within Party structures and internal communications.
Article III – Structure and Governance
1. The Party operates according to a system of democratic centralism – unity in action, freedom in discussion and criticism.
2. Unity in action means that the Party’s practical work is democratically determined and coordinated in action. After a majority vote on a given course of action in a Party unit, all members in that unit and subordinate units must abide by the decision. Party members who wish to run for or are elected to public office, such as a government legislature, trade union office or social movement office, are bound to uphold the Party Program in office and are under the authority of the relevant Party unit and the Central Committee.
3. Lower bodies are subject to the authority of higher ones; lower bodies may also recall and replace members of higher bodies at any time when 25% of the body’s members demand a recall election. Majority decisions for action are binding on all members.
4. Freedom in discussion and criticism means that all members:
a) have the right and responsibility to develop Party policy, space for which is guaranteed in Party units as well as an all-members’ internal channel maintained by the C.C.;
b) have the right to observe the workings and records of higher bodies;
c) have the right to criticize policy and leadership. This includes formation of temporary or permanent factions as well as the right to public disagreement with Party policy, while adhering to unity in action.
5. The basic unit of the organization is the branch, to be composed of no fewer than two and no more than ten members in the same geographic area, workplace or school.
a) Branches should elect Branch Committees composed of a Treasurer and Secretary to facilitate their operations; the Branch Committee is elected by simple majority for a term of one year, are not subject to term limits, and a recall election may be held at any time if 25% of the Branch’s members demand it. Branches may create other officer positions or form subcommittees as per their needs. New branches are chartered by the Central Committee or by the nearest Party District.
b) Branches should maintain an active internal life, with weekly or biweekly meetings. Branch Secretaries should ratify meeting agendas with the membership, with the opportunity for members to amend the agenda. Branches use their own initiative and coordinate with higher bodies to determine their activities.
6. A City Committee is formed when two or more branches exist in the same locality. City Committee meetings shall be organized by the Branch Secretaries within them on a monthly basis, open to the membership of those branches and with the purpose of coordinating the Party’s activity in their localities.
7. A District encompasses all Party members and units, including at-large members, in a broad geographic area – usually a state, subdivision of a state, or a tribal/national boundary. Districts are charted by the Central Committee and are referred to by their territorial names, for example: “Red Party of ______.” The duty of the District is to coordinate district-wide activity, principally: working to form new branches and coordinating the work of existing branches.
8. Districts shall elect District Committees composed of a District Secretary, a Treasurer, and a member appointed by and from within the Central Committee. District Committees shall also include the Branch Secretary of each Branch in their districts. District Committees shall convene meetings once every other month or more frequently as needed.
9. The Central Committee (C.C.) is the leading body of the Party between National Conventions, coordinating its all-party activity, maintaining its central organ, custody of its assets, and organizing / executing policy on political priorities and positions. The C.C. shall meet at least twice a month. The C.C. shall elect a National Secretary, Second Secretary and Secretary-Treasurer from within its ranks, and may create additional officer positions or committees needed to conduct its work. Vacancies in the C.C. may be filled by a majority vote.
IV – National Convention
1. The National Convention is the supreme authority of the Red Party, maintaining the power to alter the Party Constitution. The National Convention convenes on every other year for the purposes of assessing the whole Party’s work in the previous two-year period, electing leading bodies, and determine the Party’s perspectives, priorities and goals for the upcoming period.
2. The Central Committee shall open the pre-Convention period three months prior to the Convention. During this period, all members are encouraged to submit resolutions for discussion (and eventual vote), “factionalize” (associate based on political positions), and submit candidacies for leadership positions.
3. The Convention shall, at minimum, vote on the Party Program and Constitution, pass a perspectives document for the coming two-year period, and elect the incoming Central Committee as well as any District Committees that are presently constituted.
4. Central Committee nominations may be presented by any Party unit. Joint-list and individual candidacies are permitted.
5. The Convention is open to all Party members (with voice) as well as non-members who are approved by any Party unit (with voice, if time permits.) Voting delegates are elected at a ratio of one delegate for every three members of the Party. Delegates are elected from branches; at-large members acquire delegation rights through combination with other at-large members.
6. Should structural abilities allow for it, the C.C. may eschew the delegate system in favor of an aggregate Convention, whereupon every Party member is encouraged to attend the convention with full voting rights.
7. Districts may hold conventions in even-numbered years or as needed. An extraordinary convention may be triggered by a vote of 25% of the Party’s Branches.
V. Disciplinary Action and Security
1. All Party members are obligated to uphold the ethics of the workers’ movement in dealing with each other and when conducting political activity – no Party member shall use intimidation, slander, harassment, violence or sexual activity to induce or further political influence with fellow Party members or others. No Party member shall intentionally misappropriate, damage or otherwise misuse Party funds or supplies. National chauvinism, sexism, homophobia, racism, and discrimination based on religious or atheistic affiliation harm the Party and our cause.
2. Disciplinary actions shall be administered in the form of political education, cautions, warnings, suspensions, recall from positions of responsibility and expulsions.
3. In the event of an ethical violation, or other breach of the Constitution, members shall to report to their Branch Committee or the Central Committee to mediate the dispute. In the case that the breach involves a member of the B.C. or the C.C., a temporary and impartial three-person Trial Committee drawn from a random selection of Party members shall be established to hear the case, at which point it will present its recommendations to the Central Committee for action.
4. All members have the right to appeal to successively higher bodies if they so choose, including petition for a Trial Committee. A member who wishes to appeal against the decision of the Trial Committee must defer to the next Party Convention. Disciplinary action will be enforced until the resolution of the appeal.
5. In the event of a clear and present emergency, such as infiltration by a provocateur of the extreme Right, or a disruptive or destructive individual member with potential or accomplished acts of real injury or harm, the Central Committee is authorized to assume extraordinary powers to restore the security of the Party. In such an emergency, the Central Committee shall relinquish extraordinary powers immediately upon stabilization and submit a report of its actions to the entire membership.